What causes and symptoms of heart failure

Heart failure is a risk of losing one’s life. Also called as heart attack or stroke,  there are both signs, symptoms and other times, it may occur without any symptom. But it is really important to understand the condition of heart, watchout for symptoms and ensure to take good care, are some of the preventive steps to stay safe from heart failure.

Ignoring any heart condition, may lead to severe heart failure and it may occur without any notice.

Symptoms of Heart failure

But, if you really have to understand the occurrence of a heart failure, what are the symptoms that you should look for. 

Understanding the symptoms of cardiac arrest, not only helps in preventive aid, but also in treating the present condition for safe delivery from further occurrences.

The following are some of the important symptoms that are most visibly present prior to the occurrence of stroke.

Also seeking medical professional advice comes as a priority who can help in treating the symptoms and heart condition safely and securely.

  • Is there is a shortness of breath?

  • Are you experiencing difficulty while exercising?

  • Feeling weak or fatigue?

  • Getting dry cough?

  • Having trouble in sleep or are you sleeping on extra pillows

  • Experiencing loss of appetite or nausea?

  • Is there swelling or a weight gain

  • Are you having heart palpitations

  • Are you waking up at night during to shortness of breath?

  • Have you gained weight recently?

Causes of Heart failure

Ask why heart failure occurs? Who are at risk? Let’s find out.

  • Having high blood pressure can bring a greater risk. Because due to high blood pressure, heart has to work harder and this makes your heart much weaker and it may not work effectively.

  • Obesity also poses a bigger risk. If working on cutting down those extra kilos can be a lot of help.

  • Irregular heartbeats can also cause a risk to your heart.

  • Consuming excessive alcohol?  Know that this weaknes your heart.

  • Smoking also leads to health issues including a risk to heart.

  • When oxygen levels decrease during night time in your sleep, the sleep apnea prevents from receiving sufficient oxygen thereby increasing your heart rate.

  • Suffering from diabetes? It can raise your blood pressure and this can risk your heart causing damage.

  • When arteries are narrow, they do not bring sufficient blood to the heart and this causes, coronary artery disease.

  • Congenital heart disease also bring a risk of heart failure.

  • Viral infections, certain specific medications such as for diabetes, blood pressure, cancer, and other OTC medications can also cause damage to your heart.

  • Having a history of previous heart attack? It is important to stay safe from further heart attacks.

Diagnosis of Heart failure

The diagnosis of heart failure, begins when there’s a chest pain, fainting or severe weakness. Shortness of breath, coughing up foamy mucus in white or pink color.  When heart failure signs, are visibly seen in a patient, it is time to consult a cardiologist and get a complete diagnosis.

The signs and symptoms are already appearing in patient and it is time to speed 

up seeking primary care immediately. There should not be any delay.

How the diagnosis is made? What are the list of tests that are performed?

You know serious a heart failure can be. There can be number of reasons attached to the cardiac arrest and it is on top prioirty, physical exam followed by immediate tests must be conducted under the supervision of a doctor, preferably a heart specialist. 

  • A blood test gives a complete look at the signs of diseases that help in identifying the factors affecting a heart.

  • Chest X-ray image is also crucial that can show the condition of lungs and heart.

  • ECG or Electrocardiogram gives out electrical signals in the heart and it also gives the timing and length of the heartbeats.

  • Echocardiogram is about sound waves that gives images of the heart in motion. The size, structure, heart valves and blood flow of the heart is also clearly shown.

  • Stress Test measures the overall health of the heart.

  • CT or Cardiac computerized tomography scan produces images of the heart and chest. 

  • MRI or Magnetic resonance imaging provides a complete information of kidneys.

  • Coronary angiogram enables a clear picture of arteries helping doctor to identify blockages.

  • Myocardial biopsy is another examination where a tiny piece of heart muscle is examined.

Prevention of Heart failure

How to keep away heart failure symptoms?  Now that we briefly understand what are the heart failure causes, you should now clearly take a look at how to prevent a heart failure? A congestive heart failure occurs when heart is unable to pump blood efficiently in its normal procedure. 

This very chronic cardiac disease can be life threatening if there is a failure diagnosis.

But it can also be prevented by taking the following steps.

  • Quit smoking as it plays a major role in damage the heart.

  • Eat healthy on a daily basis that includes – fruits, vegetables and preferably low-fat dairy products. Include fish, chicken, fish, avocados.

  • Get rid of extra kilos

  • Maintain a healthy weight.



What are the early symptoms of heart disease?

Some of the most common symptoms that appear – heart palpitations, rapid heart beat, unable to walk, mild chest pain or you feel very weak to walk.

Among whom the heart disease appears first?

Mostly it is prevalent among adults who are between the age of 50 years and above. But men and women who are the risk of obesity are also likely to get affected with heart disease.

What’s the first step to take when a person has chest pain?

Arrange immediately to lay the  person on the flat base  and administer the doctor 

immediately or arrange an ambulance immediately.


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